The so-called “helping professions,” Psychology, Counseling, and Social Work are grounded in empathy, care, and transformation. Professionals in these fields work in clinical, industry, education, or community service settings. Working with individuals, groups, families or organizations, they:

  • advocate for clients
  • connect people with social services   
  • promote wellness
  • treat substance abuse
  • address family violence 
  • manage individual cases
  • educate patients  
  • develop treatment plans   
  • provide support for emotional distress

For some roles, graduate school, specialized credentials or clinical training is necessary. 


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Focus Areas in Psychology, Counseling, or Social Work:

Here is a sample list of applied areas in this industry:


Types of psychologists include clinical psychologists, developmental psychologists, experimental psychologists, organizational psychologists, school psychologists, and more. Psychologists typically hold a PhD and may work with clients, groups, or organizations in teaching, counseling, research, or administrative capacities.


This range of professions include career counselors, genetic counselors, mental health counselors, rehabilitation counselors, and substance abuse counselors, among others. Counseling usually requires a master’s degree.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapists work with clients with physical, mental, or emotional disabilities to promote their functional skills, often in collaboration with doctors and other specialists. Working with clients one-on-one or in group settings, OTs address not only the physical, but also the psychological and social dimensions of their clients’ disabilities.

Social Work

Social workers help individuals and communities and address systemic social issues. Social workers in direct practice counsel and advocate for clients as well as connect them with resources. Social workers in indirect practice develop, analyze, or administer policies or programs.

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