A CV is used to apply for academic jobs only while a resume is used for most other career paths. Your resume should present your relevant skills, knowledge, and experience in a clear, concise manner.
Differences Between a CV and a Resume
- Length : While a CV may be several pages long, a resume should ideally be one.
- Emphasis : CVs focus on your coursework and research. Resumes, however, highlight work experience and transferable skills relevant to a particular job. This might include, for example, project, research, or grant experience.
- Audience: Your CV will be read by an academic search committee, but the reader of your resume may not be familiar with academia. It may be screened with Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software, by HR professionals, or employees.
Transforming Your CV to a Resume in a Few Simple Steps
- Research and identify skills and qualiﬁcations in your industry and jobs of interest.
- Generate a list of your transferable skills and relevant experience.
- Review sample resumes in the Design Your Next Steps Guide and the resume tip sheet.
- Organize your information to highlight experience and skills relevant to the target job.
- Use action verbs that describe your skills and experiences.
- Streamline your document. Remove extra information and use clear and concise formatting.
- Proofread and update your resume on a regular basis.
- Meet with a counselor to receive feedback and suggestions for revisions.
You’ve acquired transferable skills as a student that can be used in work settings. Clearly stating these skills on a resume is crucial to a successful job search. To begin thinking about what you can oﬀer an employer, make a list of your abilities and accomplishments. Think about what general skills they involved. Some examples include your ability to
- collect and analyze data
- research and solve problems
- write reports and present ﬁndings
- explain complex problems to a range of audiences
Learn more about the strategic portrayal of transferable skills.
What Sections to Include on a Resume
Resumes are typically structured under headings such as Education, Experience, and Skills.
- Education : List institutions of higher education and degrees earned. You may also include GPA, majors and minors, honors, and relevant coursework.
- Experience : Illustrate your work and academic experiences most relevant to the position. These descriptions should be accurate and concise. Use active voice and action verbs to demonstrate your skills. Focus on your accomplishments and achievements , not just a summary of your responsibilities. Depending on the position, you may also include sections like Project Experience, Research Experience, or Leadership Experience.
- Activities : You can transform activities from your academic career into work experience on a resume. These might include teaching or leading a student organization. Include these activities in an Experience section if they entailed meaningful and relevant work. Otherwise, you might opt to list them under a diﬀerent heading.
- Skills : Think about the skills you have gained that are transferable to the workplace. These may include languages, computer, design, and managerial skills.
What Sections NOT to Include on a Resume
- References : Provide names of references separately, if requested.
- Publications : You can list these on a separate page, or you may include a “Selected Publications” section. Only include these if they are relevant to the work.
- Extensive Coursework : Only include the classes most relevant to the job.