Perhaps you have an idea that will be the next Facebook. Maybe you want to work in an entrepreneurial, fast paced environment. Whether you create your own start up or work for one, it is a challenging yet exciting experience. Being at the forefront of innovation also has the potential to be very lucrative. While start ups are any type of entrepreneurial venture with a limited operating history, most people associate start ups with being technology-based and having a high level of outside investment.
In this section you will find information about start ups from two different sides, both creating and working for a start up company, and the tremendous resources at Columbia and New York City to help you navigate the start up world.
Working for a start up
Working for a start up can be both a rewarding and daunting decision. While there is a possibility of tremendous pay-off, many start ups falter before creating much wealth for its employees. However, start ups present an attractive opportunity to build skills, cultivate networks, and possibly become wealthy. Many entrepreneurs will tell you that networking is the key to uncovering opportunities at start up organizations. Working as an intern is the best way to get a foot in the door. Identify start up organizations that you would like to work for and reach out to them for an informational interview to help identify internship or job opportunities.
Benefits of Working for a start up
- Career development: Working for a start up is a challenging, ground-floor opportunity that can lead to extraordinary career growth. It provides hands-on experience with a variety of tasks, allows you to work on projects that directly impact the success of the organization, and gives an insider’s view into the inner-workings of a company. It allows you to build up a strong connection with not only the owners of the start up but also with the customers, vendors and friends related to the organization as well - which can benefit your career in the long run.
- Building skills: Working for a start up provides an opportunity to work outside your comfort zone to expand your range of skills. Technical skills will be challenged and improved, and you will also be able to enhance soft skills such as communication and time management. Additional skills include research, interpersonal, social media, presentation and analytical skills.
- Ownership and influence: In a small-company atmosphere, individual contributors are highly prized and high levels of responsibility provide a sense of ownership. Ownership, in turn, encourages you to do your best work. You will also have more influence on key decisions and will have an opportunity to voice your opinion. Working on a small team, often directly with the CEO or founder, allows you to be an integral part of the organization and make strong connections with your co-workers and superiors.
- Meaningful work: Oftentimes, start up organizations are built around a strong purpose and bring like-minded individuals together on a team. Having a meaning or vision behind your work is a strong driving force that will help to bring enthusiasm and passion to the team.
- Atmosphere: Start up teams need to work cohesively together and have a strong bond, which promotes camaraderie and teamwork. The atmosphere of a start up, while hectic, is often more casual and less conservative than traditional companies and can simply be a more fun environment.
- Future success: If the start up company offers incentives such as profit-sharing, partnerships or stock options, you might make a lot of money in just a few years. Working for a start up could be attractive to future employers and will also give you the skills to start your own company.
Drawbacks to Working for a Start-Up
- Job security: The major disadvantage of working for a start up is lack of job security. If the company goes under, is short on funds or overestimates its growth, you may lose your job (potentially without severance).
- Hours and workload: While wearing several hats is an advantage in terms of skill-building, it requires long hours, heavy workloads and a fast-paced work style. The lifestyle may not be for everyone as the nature of start ups is “24/7,” meaning you may be on call at all times and will work odd hours. You will also be called upon to deal with urgent matters frequently.
- Pay and benefits: Perks, benefits, salaries and raises may be limited. The company may offer “sweat equity,” which will only pay off if the company is profitable, and may take years at that.
- Organizational changes: If the company grows, merges or makes acquisitions, the atmosphere of the company may change completely. You may then have less influence and become more anonymous, and your responsibilities will shift. The desirable, small-company, everybody-counts atmosphere will probably fade as the company grows, merges and makes acquisitions.
Starting a Business
When you have a great idea or invention, you have the first step in creating your own start up company. But, what do you do from there? While this is not a comprehensive guide and experts, fellow entrepreneurs, and other guides should be consulted, this will hopefully give a brief overview of the steps needed in starting your own start up.
Patent Your Idea
If you have a new and innovative idea, or a possibly game-changing invention, then patenting could be a great first step. Many investors are looking to invest in the intellectual capital of the company rather than the current revenue the company is bringing in, and having a patent can bring further credibility to your product and bring in more investors. While patenting a product can be a long and expensive process, if you have an invention that is new, then protecting it with a patent gives you a tremendous edge over potential competitors.
- Preliminary Patent Application- A preliminary patent application from the United States Patent and Trademark Office giving inventors a 12 month period of patent protection.
- PatSnap- A patent search website working to promote and protect intellectual property.
- How To File a Patent- A guide from Inc. Magazine, the nation’s top magazine for entrepreneurs, on how to file a patent for start ups.
Write a Business Plan/Set-Up Your Company
Once you have the idea, the next steps are writing the business plan and to consider the makeup and culture of your company. These will be necessary when presenting your plan to potential investors, and also to ensure the stability and future success of your company. Other considerations you will need to make are what type of legal structure you want your business to have, what the start-up costs for your business will be, and filing the necessary paperwork to incorporate as a business in your state.
- Thirteen Characteristics of a Great Start-Up Culture- A guide from TechFlash, a Seattle based technology news website, on 13 characteristics of successful start up companies.
- Choosing the Right Legal Structure- A guide from the Small Business Association.
- How to Write a Business Plan- A comprehensive guide by Entrepreneur magazine on how to write a business plan.
- CCE’s Writing a Business Plan Tipsheet
Funding Your Company
Any business will need a certain level of seed money to offset expenditures before revenues come in. Even many successful start ups aren’t profitable until months or years after their launch. With start ups, there are many different ways to fund your company with different benefits and drawbacks.
- The 6 Biggest Mistakes in Raising Startup Capital- A guide created by Entrepreneur Magazine about six common mistakes made by start ups when looking for capital.
- Angel Investors: Angels investors are wealthy individuals who provide seed money for start ups in exchange for equity in a new business. Angel investors recently have grouped themselves into angel networks to pool their investments to provide mentorship and funds for potential entrepreneurs. When looking for potential angel investors, find angel investors or angel networks active in your city. Then see if your start up matches their existing portfolio, and if you can get the amount of start up capital you are looking for. Finally, make sure when you are offered to present to an angel investor or network to present both you and your company well. They are investing as much into you, as the entrepreneur, as they are your company or your idea. Check out this Do and Don’t Guide When Presenting to Angel Investors.
- Venture Capital: Venture capital funds work much in the same way angel investors do; however, instead of individuals trading seed money in exchange for equity, venture capital funds are businesses. Many of the same considerations from seeking angel investors need to considered when searching for venture capital (such as location, investment amount, existing portfolio etc.). The National Venture Capital Association provides resources and support to entrepreneurs and the venture capitalists that fund them.
- Bootstrapping: While venture capital or angel investors can provide a large sum of capital and advice, they could limit your decisions to protect their investments. Bootstrapping offers an alternative to be self-financed or be supported only through the donations or small investments from friends or family. Indie GoGo and KickStarter are online fundraising tools to promote ideas and raise money. Small Business Association Grants and Loans (federal grants and loans for which small businesses are eligible) are listed here from the U.S. Small Business Association.
Start ups hire on an as-needed basis, meaning they are looking for interns and full time hires to fill positions that begin immediately. This means you'll be actively applying to positions that are posted 6-8 weeks prior to your projected start date. Keep in mind, however, that many start ups do not post open positions. This is because they are often short staffed and like to hire by word of mouth or referral. Networking within the start up community is absolutely essential, as this is often the best route to find "hidden" positions. There are many resources at Columbia, and outside of Columbia (see below) that can help introduce you to people in the field, but do not be afraid of reaching out to introduce yourself and inquire about opportunities or request a networking meeting with a company you admire. Generally, employers are looking for people who are committed to the company's mission, able to work in small teams, able to take on many different roles, and a have a willingness to work hard toward helping the company achieve its goals. Often, early stage start ups require individuals with technical expertise to build a product or service, as well as finance/business development/sales professionals to help secure funding and clients/users. Other business positions, like those in human resources, for instance, will be added as the company grows.
- The CCE Startup Career Fair, held in the Spring semester, is focused on connecting start-up firms, primarily from the NYC area, with entrepreneurially minded students at Columbia. Numerous industries are represented including technology, sustainability, media and more.
- The Startup Internship Program offers Spring semester internships at New York City startups in a range of fields and job functions.
- LionSHARE has a wealth of opportunities at start up organizations. In the job search tab, try searching for jobs in the start up employer industry, or typing “entrepreneur” in the keyword field. Some examples of start up organizations that have recruited through LionSHARE in the past include Zynga, Meet Up and Ecological Group.
- Wetfeet offers advice and articles for entrepreneurs, as well as insider guides on a variety of positions at start-ups, such as the Million Dollar Careers and Information Technology guides.
- CCE offers tipsheets on topics such as Entrepreneurship Resources and Writing a Business Plan.
- CORE- Columbia Organization for Rising Entrepreneurs (CORE) provides support and resources for students looking to become entrepreneurs or to get involved in the world of startups through internships and jobs. Offers in-person events, a blog and a weekly newsletter.
- Columbia Entrepreneurship- Mission is to help Columbia’s students, faculty and alumni launch Columbia-born ventures. Its website is a central location for entrepreneurship-centric resources at Columbia.
- Columbia Venture Competition- An annual competition put on by the Columbia engineering school giving a total of $25,000 in prize money for start up business plans.
- Columbia Pitchfest- An annual competition for students to present start up business ideas to students, faculty, and alumni.
- Columbia Entrepreneurship Curriculum- Curriculum provided by the Engineering school for students to get a concentration in entrepreneurship.
- Columbia Technology Ventures- Facilitates the transfer of inventions from academic research to outside organizations for the benefit of society on a local, national and global basis.
- Columbia Entrepreneur Alumni Network- Program designed to pair students with alumni mentors who have experience in start ups and entrepreneurship.
- Columbia-Harlem Small Business Development Center- A free service provided by the New York Small Business Development Center to help new businesses create business plans, marketing strategies, and comply with licensing and regulations.
- Columbia Business School Eugene Lang Entrepreneurship Center- Provides a list of websites, publications, and other resources that provide helpful information and assistance to start-ups and small businesses in the New York area.
- hackNY- Co-organized by faculty from NYU and Columbia, hackNY organizes the summer Fellows program and student ‘hackathons’ during the year to create a community of student-technologists.
- Res Inc- Short for Residential Incubator, it is a living and learning opportunity open to students who are interested in living alongside like-minded entrepreneurs in a hands-on, ideas-rich environment.
- Inside Startups– A website and email newsletter with job and internship listings as well as events, career fairs and conferences.
- Startup Hire- Job postings at start up organizations nationwide.
- Start Upers- A nationwide start up job listing directory.
- NYCEDC- An ecosystem to develop entrepreneurs across industries and stages of business with access to information, training, and innovative competitions.
- Venture for America- A national non-profit modeled off Teach for America giving recent college graduates a two year fellowship to work for early stage start ups nationwide. Venture For America also will award seed fund for fellows to create start ups after the two-year fellowship.
- NYC Start-Up Job Fair- The NYC Startup Job Fair aims to connect qualified students and recent graduates with exciting and innovative New York-based start ups. The event is largely run by volunteers looking to foster a thriving startup community and to raise awareness about start up jobs in NYC.
- We Are Made in NY- An economic development initiative that supports the city’s vibrant tech community by highlighting job opportunities in the sector, celebrating the growing number of NYC-based digital companies, and providing access to resources and programs.
Last updated May 2014 Last Updated: 3/2013