Where do people in this field work?
Many of the complex, global problems faced by science and industry need solutions from those with an understanding of specific technologies and areas of engineering as well as an understanding and broad background in the physical sciences. Those studying applied physics develop experimental skills, mathematical and computer literacy, and problem solving abilities. Applied physicists can be employed to carry out research and development in a large number of specialties. They work in a wide range of positions in university, government, and industrial organizations that requires strong experimental, analytical and calculation skills. According to the APAM Departmental web site, graduates might also: enter into graduate programs in physics-related areas including the applied physics areas of condensed matter, plasma, and optical physics, and biophysics, as well as areas such as high energy physics and astrophysics; enter graduate-level programs in engineering fields; or enter careers in technology areas.
- Federal, State, or Local Government: Government agencies and labs employ those with an Applied Physics background. Agencies include the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention; National Aeronautics & Space Administration; Department of Agriculture; National Bureau of Standards; Department of Energy; National Institutes of Health; Department of Defense; National Science Foundation; Department of Health & Human Service; Occupational Safety & Health Administration; Environmental Protection Agency; Patent Office; Food & Drug Administration; and the Smithsonian Institution.
- Research Firms or Laboratories: Conduct research and data collection as a function of consultation, laboratory services, and technician services. Many work in research and development, which leads to new products and devises, and might even design research equipment. Many of these opportunities are also found in industry.
- Industry: In addition to research and development, some physicists also work in inspection, testing, quality control; work as engineers; or take other paths including software development. Industries they work in might include energy, nanotechnology, financial services, information technology, computer software, and medical devises.
- Academia: Generally requires a doctorate to teach in colleges and universities or conduct research, but many also enter teaching opportunities in K-12.
To learn about organizations, check out attendees to CCE's career fairs in the employer profile books and use the employer directory tab in LionSHARE to see employers that have posted at Columbia. The APAM department shares an excellent employer list here. Sloan Cornerstone Career Center features a list of other options to explore on its web site.
What resources can I look into for more information and to gain experience?
Center for Career Education Resources: For a full list of resources and services, visit our home page.
- LionSHARE: CCE’s database of internships and full time jobs for students and alumni
- Science Technology Engineering Internship Program (STEP) and other CCE sponsored international and national internship programs
- CCE Career Fairs, employer information sessions, site visits, panels, workshops, and alumni events (see CCE's calendar of events regularly for updates)
- List of Leadership Development and Rotational Programs
- Vault & WetFeet guides: profiles industries, companies, and careers
- Webshops and webinars covering a wide array of topics
- LinkedIn.com Columbia Groups: Columbia Career Connections & Columbia Alumni Association Network to find alumni working in the field
Professional Associations: Use the low student membership rates in professional associations to gain career guidance and information, scholarship information, networking opportunities, job postings, conference and workshop information and access to job fairs.
- American Institute of Physics
- American Physical Society
- Society of Physics Students
- Society of Women Engineers
- Additional Associations can be found here
Research, Other Opportunities, and Resources:
- APAM Department Web site
- Student Research Involvement Program
- SEAS Global Initiatives – Intern/Study Abroad Web Site
- Information on the FE Exam (Students should find out from their academic advisor whether their desired career path requires EIT/PE certification)
- Fellowships for CC/SEAS, GS, and GSAS
- Mentornet, an online mentoring community in which Columbia University participates
Internship/Job Posting Websites
- Pathways to Science: To find programs such as undergraduate summer research opportunities, graduate fellowships, postdoctoral positions, as well as resources and materials pertaining to recruitment, retention, and mentoring
- National Science Foundation REU Sites: The Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program supports active research participation by undergraduate students in any of the areas of research funded by the National Science Foundation
- American Academy for Advancement of Science: A resource list of AAAS career development programs.
- APS Physics: Physicists and scientists can find physics employment opportunities using the APS online career center. APS also sponsors job fairs and career workshops, and lists APS jobs and science internship information.
- Physics Today: Physics Today is a partner in the AIP Career Network, a collection of online job sites for scientists, engineers, and computing professionals.
- USAJobs.gov: Programs to help students and recent graduates get started in the Federal workforce
- Crunch Board: A job-listing board compiled from several technology blogs and their readers that lists exciting opportunities
- GigaOM Network: A leading provider of publications and events for the technology and entrepreneurial markets worldwide
- Graduating Engineer and Computer Careers: An original career and information center for young engineering and computer science majors looking to kickstart their careers
- Instrumentation, Systems and Automation Society (ISA): ISA develops industry standards, certifies industry professionals, provides training, publishes technical articles, and hosts conferences/exhibitions for automation professionals
- ACECNY: A proactive coalition of more than 270 firms representing every discipline of engineering related to the built environment - civil, structural, mechanical, electrical, geotechnical - and affiliated companies. A listing of consulting engineering firms from across New York State. Use membership directory to identify local companies and check their job boards for postings
- Research Gate: A network dedicated to science and research. Connect, collaborate and discover scientific publications, jobs and conferences
- Engineering Central: Lists engineering positions and resumes across all engineering disciplines
- Engineer.net: A broad-scale engineering job-search engine that many companies use to find new talent
- All Engineering links from CCE